FFT Reciprocal Reading

Improves pupils’ reading comprehension by +2 months or more*

Play our introduction video

What is Reciprocal Reading?


  • A structured, discussion-based approach to teaching reading comprehension
  • Develops children's understanding of a text
  • Uses four strategies: predict, clarify, question and summarise
  • Children use these strategies to make sense of what they read and become more confident, independent readers


  • As an intervention model, delivered to small groups (4-8 pupils) with a trained teacher or teaching assistant
  • Reciprocal Reading sessions run at least twice a week for 20-30 minutes
  • Can be used as a whole class, cross-curricular or intervention approach

The evidence

Improving reading comprehension and overall reading



*EEF funded an efficacy trial and independent evaluation with 98 schools and 5,222 pupils in Years 4, 5 and 6.



Children using Reciprocal Reading as a targeted intervention made +2 months' additional progression in reading comprehension and overall reading compared to the control group.



The intervention had an even larger positive impact with disadvantaged children eligible for free school meals.

Trialled by

For whom is Reciprocal Reading suitable?

This intervention is suitable for Key Stage 2 & 3 pupils who:

  • Can decode, but struggle to understand texts
  • Read very slowly because they are focusing on accurate decoding or read too fast and don’t pay attention to what they are reading
  • Lack confidence when reading new or unfamiliar texts and have a limited reading repertoire
  • Have impaired understanding through limited understanding of vocabulary
  • Read text avidly but never question the meaning of words

How can schools use Reciprocal Reading?

KS2 & KS3 package

  • Two full-day online training sessions with follow-up support meetings
  • Guides to support the effective implementation of Reciprocal Reading
  • Copies of FFT's 'A Selection of Stories'
  • Online access to example plans, videos, text suggestions, book journals
  • A Facebook group for networking and school support



depending on the size of your school



Bespoke one-day CPD

  • One-day training session
  • Face-to-face at your school
  • Guides to support the effective implementation of Reciprocal Reading
  • Online access to example plans, videos, text suggestions, book journals
  • A Facebook group for networking and school support




To find out more, book onto one of our upcoming webinars!

How to implement FFT’s Reciprocal Reading

How to implement FFT’s Reciprocal Reading

What does the package include?

Over 90% subsidised




The normal cost for FFT Reciprocal Reading is £2800. But with a 90%+ research subsidy your school pays only £215. (Current trial now fully recruited.)
Learn more at a webinar


Two, full-day training days (with the option of online or face-to-face and a modular approach) for five members of staff.


The option of a one-to-one, 45-minute, online support meeting with an FFT Literacy Advisor.


Digital and printed copies of Practical, Management, Strategies and Planning Guides, along with copies of FFT's 'A Selection of Short Stories'.


Exclusive access to an online portal containing video examples, planning for various year groups, text suggestions and supporting resources.

What schools are saying


Children really enjoy the sessions – they’re so keen to attend and ask if they are going.

All children have the confidence to make contributions.

Fiona Sudgen, Senior Teaching Assistant

Co-op Academy Nightingale

Develops pleasure for reading

Children are enthralled! Children did reading because they had to, but now they really enjoy picking up a book and reading!

Reciprocal Reading really develops pleasure for reading.

Matthew Brazener, Teaching Assistant

Hempshill Hall Primary School

Massive change

It's like a spark has been lit, the change is massive!

The boys are now making their own book.

One boy's mum has said he is a different child and wants to read at home! He has got his own notebook to write down his 'clarify'!

Mandy Child, Teaching Assistant

Whitecote Primary School

Made my teaching better

A child specifically said she has got her love of reading back because of Reciprocal Reading!

It has made my teaching better.

Kelly Scott, Higher Level Teaching Assistant

Fairfield Primary School

Accessible to all children

Guided reading teaching in the past has been very scripted. I love this because you can just pick it up and run with it!

I find that it's accessible to all children as any barriers can easily be removed.

Mandy Hyde, Educational Teaching Assistant

Thornhill Junior and Infant School

Confidence and independence

Without question, Reciprocal Reading has had (and continues to have) the biggest impact on my teaching. More than that, however, is the difference it has made to our children, not only in the strategies they harness to analyse a text, but the confidence and independence it gives them. It is clear that they love Reciprocal and it has been a huge part of promoting their love of reading too!

Allison Reed, Upper Key Stage 2 Team Lead

Sunnyside Primary Academy

    Find out more about Reciprocal Reading

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    About your school

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    Alternatively you can phone us on 01446 776262 (option 5) or email reciprocalreading@fft.org.uk
    Find out more about our current EEF trial